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Metavers: Timeline on the run | The echoes

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1964 >> Publication of the novel “Simulacron 3”, by Daniel F. Galouye. The action takes place in a virtual environment, a simulation.

1982 >> Release of “Tron”, by Steven Lisberger, an avant-garde film that tackles the world of computers and offers a dip in a virtual world.

1985 >> First creation of a virtual community: “Habitat”, a LucasArts multiplayer game on Commodore 64. The word “avatar” (of Hindu origin) is used for the first time there.

1992 >> Release of “Virtual Samurai”, by Neal Stephenson, a novel that claims the invention of the word “metaverse”.

1996 >> First 3D MMORPG (massively multiplayer RPG) “Meridian 59”, created by Archetype Interactive.

1997 >> Release of the “Second World”, created by Cryo (a subsidiary of Canal +). Immersion in a virtual Paris, where avatars evolve. End of 2001. “Second Life”, a 3D metaverse will be released in 2003.

1999 >> Launch of broadband in France (ADSL) at 512 Kbit; mobile 3G will follow in 2006.

2008 >> White paper by Satoshi Nakamoto (pseudonym) that foreshadows the blockchain and announces bitcoin, of which he will launch the first version on January 9, 2009.

2009 >> Markus Persson creates “Minecraft”, an open world video game created by users.

Markus Persson, creator of the video game

Markus Persson, creator of the video game “Minecraft”, an open world created by users.Official GDC

2018 >> Release of the movie “Ready Player One”, by Steven Spielberg, adapted from the novel “Player One” by Ernest Cline (2011).

11 March 2021 >> Sale for 69.3 million dollars at Christie’s of the virtual work “Everyday: The First 5,000 Days”, by the American artist Beeple.

28 October 2021 >> Mark Zuckerberg announces the name change of the Facebook group in Meta, referring to the ambitions of the digital giant in the metaverse. The other Gafams, and more generally the technology giants, in turn left the woodworking business in the following months.

Mark Zuckerberg and his avatar.

Mark Zuckerberg and his avatar.Half

November 3, 2021 >> Microsoft launches its metaverse on Teams, with avatars and virtual meeting spaces.

12 December 2021 >> Meta launches Horizon Worlds.

December 2021 >> Purchase a property for $ 450,000 in The Sandbox. Its peculiarity: being close to the field of rapper Snoop Dogg.

5 January 2022 >> Samsung joins the party by showcasing its My House app at CES 2022.

20 January 2022 >> The American media “The Verge” reveals that Google is preparing to compete with Meta in the field of the metaverse. The Mountain View company would work on an augmented reality helmet.

27 January 2022 >> Tim Cook expresses Apple’s interest in the metaverse. The company already claims 14,000 virtual reality apps on its App Store and is said to be working on developing a helmet.

The collection of NFT The Bored Ape Yacht Club, by Yuga Labs studio.

The collection of NFT The Bored Ape Yacht Club, by Yuga Labs studio.SOPA / Sipa images

27 February 2022 >> Charles Huang, CEO of HTC, announces the launch of the first phone designed specifically for its metaverse, Viverse.

March 15, 2022 >> Amazon launches the serious game “Cloud Quest” in the metaverse.

12 April 2022 >> Video game giant Epic Games, owner of “Fortnite”, is raising $ 2 billion to build a metaverse.

May 2022 >> The Yuga Labs studio, famous for these monkeys sold in NFT “Bored Ape Yacht Club”, has sold plots of its future metaverse for 320 million dollars.

>> Decodings, key figures, definitions … Find out Echoes of the metaverse : THE newsletter that will answer all your questions> Subscribe

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