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Engine developed to replace electric cars

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A 17-year-old boy living in the USA, who is of great importance in the production of electric cars; however, he managed to produce an engine that does not require rare, environmentally and cost-intensive elements. It is claimed that electric cars will be fully sustainable with this engine.

The fact that the carbon footprint of the auto industry is quite high means that giant companies in this field are looking for a more sustainable future. to electric cars provides guidance. Many giant brands around the world present their new electric cars every year and claim they will abandon traditional vehicles in the 1930s.

However, batteries are used to produce such electric vehicles. neodymium Elements with high costs and effects are required. Here, a 17-year-old teenager in the United States says he has designed an engine that can be used to make electric cars that don’t need these rare items.

Why do we have to move away from rare elements?

First, let’s talk a little about the effects of these rare earth elements. Elements such as neodymium, from which the magnet used in vehicle engines is made, currently play a key role in the parts that power electric vehicles. If we open more, electric vehicles are made of these elements to obtain energy. from the magnets takes advantage of it. However, these elements also have some downsides.

Heath Hoffman, a professor at the University of Michigan and who works extensively on electric vehicles, said the demand for rare elements such as neodymium, samarium and dysprosium is very high and that magnet motors are very it is not sustainable transmits. It also points out that there is a demand for these items from different fields.

According to experts, the extraction of such rare earth elements both financial and environmental it can lead to negative consequences. The extraction of these elements harms the environment, undermining the sustainability of electric vehicles. In addition, the costs of the elements are quite high. Weight of a rare element for comparison hundreds of dollars can be sold; however the weight of a common element such as copper turns out to be 7-8 dollars. This reveals the huge difference in costs.

Samson, 17, wants to end the need for rare elements in electric cars

17-year-old high school student Roberto Sansoneis a young man who has been involved in engineering for some time. This friend of ours in Florida, USA, has done 60 different engineering projects so far. But the last thing he did is a project that has the potential to make a huge contribution to the future of humanity.

Samson says he stumbled upon a video two years ago about the advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles, in which he saw the need for rare items. Declaring himself interested in electric motors, the young man therefore decided to design a different motor that could help sustainability.

Reluctance motors the electric motors, named after him, do not require rare earths. These motors, which are not powerful enough to be used in electric vehicles, are currently used in tools such as pumps and fans. Claiming that he had already heard of these motors, Samson began trying to improve the performance of the reluctance motor. High school student running for one year, from existing engines more torque and efficiency created a prototype.

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According to the descriptions, this prototype was made of plastic, copper wires and a steel rotor created by 3D printing. These works by Samson were presented to him at the Regeneron International Science and Engineering Fair held in the USA. first place and $ 75,000 prize earned.

Being completely sustainable with my bike means that my dreams come true ”

Reluctance motors use steel rotors and air gaps. Samson says he thinks that instead of using the air gap to increase the reluctance ratio (magnetic resistance), he can add another magnetic field to the motor. After 15 unsuccessful attempts Adding that he has managed to produce a working prototype, the young engineer avoids giving more details about the project as he plans to get a patent for his technology in the future.

Finally, it was claimed that Samson tested the prototype for efficiency and torque. As a result of these tests, the project was completed in 300 cycles. 39% more torque and 31% more efficiency seen to be exposed. Heath Hoffman of the University of Michigan said Samson’s plan was promising; but the production of such reluctance motors complex and difficult Emphasize that this is the biggest limiting factor facing the idea. Samson agrees with Hoffman; However with new technologies such as 3D printing He says this problem can be solved in the future.

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It would be a dream come true to see electric cars produced with the help of my new engine design being sustainable from scratch. ” Using his statements, Samson claims he is currently working on the sixteenth version of his engine. If the engine keeps running at high speed and efficiency, the young engineer obtain a patent Finally, he adds that he will follow the process. We will see in the next few years whether such engines, which have the potential to make electric cars fully sustainable, are used.

Source:
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/this-17-year-old-designed-a-motor-that-potentially-transform-the-electric-car-industry-180980550/

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